Friday, March 15, 2013
On the Road Again: Safe Driving for Seniors
As we age, however, our driving abilities may change. To minimize safety risks to ourselves and others, it’s wise to understand how aging affects our driving and learn strategies that can help us continue driving well into our senior years.
According to the Automobile Association of America (AAA), seniors are safe drivers compared to other age groups because they wear seatbelts, observe speed limits, and tend to avoid drinking and driving.
On the other hand, seniors face physical challenges that can impair driving. “Older drivers may have eyesight or hearing issues that affect their driving,” says John Beringer, Sr., California State Coordinator for the AARP Driver Safety Program. “Also, reflexes and responses are slower – it takes longer to transmit information from the eyes to the brain and from the brain to the muscles.”
Mobility may also be affected. For example, neck pain or stiffness can impair being able to look over your shoulder. Leg pain might make it difficult to move your foot from the gas pedal to the brake pedal.
Medication can also impact driving performance. More than 75% of people over age 65 take at least one medication.
Taking the following steps can help minimize potential physical problems associated with driving:
- Get your vision and hearing checked annually
- Have regular check-ups and talk to your doctor about how your physical condition and medications might affect your driving ability
- Choose a car with automatic transmission, power steering and power brakes
- Do exercises to improve your flexibility
AAA and AARP both offer driving classes for older adults. “A lot of what we cover involves reviewing and reminding drivers what they knew 30 years ago,” says Beringer. “Also, many older folks learned to drive from their parents, not from a driving instructor. So they may have learned some bad habits.”
Here are some safe driving strategies, many of which apply regardless of age:
- Leave enough space between your car and the car in front of you.
- Scan far down the road continuously so you can anticipate future problems.
- Minimize distractions inside your car, such as music volume.
- Plan your route before you get in the car.
- Minimize left turns. Drivers age 65 and older are disproportionately involved in crashes involving left-hand turns. Use designated left-hand turn lanes, or make three right turns to avoid making the left.
- Try to avoid busy highways and congested traffic.
- Consider getting a car with reverse monitoring and back-up cameras, blind-spot warning systems and other crash-avoidance technologies.
There may come a time when it’s no longer safe to remain behind the wheel.
“Indications that it’s time to stop driving include getting lost on roads you should know, being told repeatedly by passengers that you missed a stop sign or finding scrapes on your car that you weren’t aware of getting,” says AARP’s Beringer.
He stresses that the age to stop driving can vary greatly. “I had an 89 year-old woman in my class with all of her faculties, and a 57-year-old that I wouldn’t want to be on the road with,” says Beringer. “We don’t age at the same rate.”
If you are concerned about someone else’s driving ability -- for example a parent’s -- join your parent as a passenger for several trips and at different times in order to get a good sense of his or her driving performance.
Encourage your parent to check his or her skills by taking a self-rating program (such as this one from the Automobile Association’s Foundation for Traffic Safety) or getting assessed by a professional such as a doctor, rehab clinic or geriatric care service.
Get a sense of your parent’s transportation needs and come up with options such as:
- Using local public and private transportation options. Try out these services with your parent in order to determine which are convenient and easy to use.
- Offering to do the driving yourself.
- Hiring a trusted friend or neighbor who needs a little extra cash.
And be empathetic: You wouldn’t want to lose your ability to drive, and neither does your parent. Keep the focus on your parent remaining safe while still getting where he or she needs to go.